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THE PERIOD OF THE COMPOSTELAN PILGRIMAGE’S GREAT FLOWERING, IN THE ELEVENTH AND TWELFTH CENTURIES, COINCIDED WITH A REMARKABLE AND DISTINCTIVE WAVE OF CHURCH BUILDING KNOWN AS THE ROMANESQUE. THE CHURCHES BUILT THEN ARE GENERALLY CHARACTERISED BY  ROUNDED ARCHES RATHER THAN THE POINTED ONES OF THE LATER GOTHIC PERIOD. THEY ARE ALSO CHARACTERISED BY A PROPENSITY FOR MONUMENTAL SACRED SCUPTURE WHICH DREW ON CLASSICAL, CELTIC AND BYZANTINE INFLUENCES.  THE MEDIEVAL MIND WAS PROFOUNDLY SYMBOLIC AND THE SCULPTED IMAGERY OF THE ROMANESQUE PERIOD IS RICH AND EVOCATIVE. MANY OF THESE CHURCHES HAVE SURVIVED TO PROVIDE A VIVID TESTAMENT TO A BYGONE ERA.

ROMANESQUE

  1. Romanesque
  2. Iconography: The Scallop Shell: It is not without reason that the pilgrims returning from the threshold of Saint James bear shells
  3. Iconography: The Ass and the Harp
  4. Frómista San Martín: The sixth proceeds from Burgos to Frómista
  5. Saint Pierre de Rhèdes
  6. Saint-Gilles-du-Gard: The monastic order under the patronage of this abbot flourishes, a possessed man is delivered from the devil
  7. Sangüesa Santa Maria
  8. Iconography: Atlants – One who knows the depths of the whole sea and keeps the tall pillars which hold heaven and earth asunder
  9. Conques: Even the deep recesses of Erebus lie open as she leads souls out of the underworld
  10. San Isidoro de Leòn: He who lives and reigns for evermore may order that His Church be free from the yoke of the Ishmaelites
  11. Iconography: Masks
  12. Iconography: Sacrifice of Isaac
  13. Iconography: Bosom of Abraham
  14. Iconography: Apparition of Christ to Saint Thomas
  15. Iconography: Balaam and the Ass
  16. Iconography: Samson
  17. Iconography: Elders of the Apocalypse: Having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of the saints
  18. Iconography: The Journey to Emmaus
  19. Compostela Portico de la Gloria: Whosoever is truly penitent, and is from faraway shores, and has sought to request with all his heart forgiveness from the Lord and help from Saint James in Galicia, without doubt will have the slate of his sins wiped clean in eternity.
  20. Melle Saint-Pierre
  21. Maguelone Saint-Pierre
  22. Estella San Miguel
  23. Santa Cruz de la Seros
  24. San Juan de la Peña
  25. Iconography: Chrismon
  26. Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre
  27. Arles Saint-Trophime
  28. Oloron-Sainte-Marie
  29. Autun Saint-Lazare
  30. Iconography: Victorious Rider
  31. Saint Gabriel: Even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning being caused swiftly to fly
  32. The Massacre of the Innocents: I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus and the Word of God
  33. Jaca: Behold the Lion of Judah
  34. Santa Cruz de la Seros: The door of heaven opens when he opens this one
  35. The Chrismon: Like Constantine among the bishops, he anathematised Arius
  36. The Romanesque Rider: Charlemagne vowed solemnly to pursue the Pagans

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